What should I do with my Degree?

The School of Architecture, Planning and Preservation grants graduate degrees in Historic Preservation, Architecture and Real Estate Development, as well as a Ph.D. program in Urban and Regional Planning and Design. At the undergraduate level you can get a Bachelor of Science Degree in Architecture.  But, what do you do with one of these? You could pursue the Architectural License, but you could also go into industrial design, or be an urban planner, or civil engineer.  For encouragement and consideration of the various options now open to you, please read Dr. Lee Waldreps’ brief and informative article titled, “Architecture and Beyond: Opportunities Abound”.

 

Remember, you are always learning people skills, communication and collaboration skills, and these will serve you well for any job.

Sustainability websites

Green_Building_Websites

This list of websites deals with Sustainability Issues!  Click on the link to download the PDF. Some have a homeowner’s focus, while others talk about real estate values and real estate law with respect to green technologies in a building.  Still others may approach the topic from a City point of view.

The University of Maryland's WaterShed, the Solar Decathlon winner, promotes a sustainable lifestyle, including a garden.

Creative Commons – Watch your license

The Creative Commons portion of the image website Flickr is a terrific place to find images, and also participate in the sharing of these images. This first page shows you the various types of licenses and attributions under which photographers allow their images to be used.

If you are looking for images to illustrate a paper or blog, go to Flickr.com and click on the word ‘search’ in the upper right hand corner of the webpage. This takes you to a new search page.  You will see a drop-down list on the left side of the search field. Click on that and, from the menu, choose The Commons, then type in a key word for flickr to search on.

This picture came from the commons portion of Flickr.

You can download the picture to your desktop, but please pay attention to the licensing and copyright tags on the picture page.

Great Image and Research website

ArchNet is a member-driven website that contains a digital library of images that deal with architecture and urban planning in a very easily searchable database. There are often plans, sections and elevations to accompany the general views of the buildings. It also allows participation and collaboration amongst members, and is free to join.

I have found that there is strong documentation of projects and the search feature is quite easy to use.

Access to the Digital Library is found through a link on the left hand side, and that is also where the search feature is located. Clicking on the search feature and typing in housing gets me to projects in Africa and Iran, places that are less well documented in this School’s collection.

The Images link within the Digital Library gets me to a list of architecture by Collection, or by Country, Building Type or Building Style. They also include Gardens and Urban Design and Development. And you can download the images.

My favorite website for the week: archnet.org

New Deal Utopias

Images of New Deal Utopias, including Greenbelt MD, just down the road from College Park, are featured on this New York Times Blog.

http://lens.blogs.nytimes.com/

A brief History of Greenbelt as told by guest blogger, Lucinda Philumalee.

As a historic preservation student at the University of Maryland, the nearby city of Greenbelt, Maryland is a local treasure.  Located just outside the Capital Beltway, Greenbelt is home to professors and students alike.  It serves as an example of early-to-mid 1900s cutting edge urban design.

The history of Greenbelt predates its actual establishment.  In response to the Great Depression, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt instituted the Emergency Relief Appropriations Act of 1935.  This provided five billion dollars in funding for public works projects, which supported the Resettlement Administration of 1935.  The Resettlement Administration was headed by Roosevelt’s advisor Rexford Guy Tugwell who developed the concept for Greenbelt, Maryland as well as its sister towns, Greendale, Wisconsin and Greenhills, Ohio.

The three planned cities were inspired by the Garden City Movement, which influenced American urban design in the early twentieth century. It was an approach to urban planning developed by Ebeneezer Howard in 1898.  Howard’s notion was to move the poor out to the countryside in order to reconnect with nature, while incorporating the use of green belts, agriculture, industry, housing, commercial and cultural places to spur the economy.

The Garden City Movement was applied to Greenbelt in several ways.  Topography was a factor in the site selection and design of Greenbelt in that the original city was formed by a crescent shaped piece of land with major roads on either side. Apartments and houses were constructed between the major roads.  Entrances to residences were comprised of one to a courtyard and one for vehicular access.  These concepts of walk-ability and courtyard living were popular because it provided a feeling of safety during a tumultuous period.

AIAS Event: Universal Design Awareness

The American Institute of Architects at the University of Maryland School of Architecture, Planning, and Preservation is hosting a Universal Design Awareness event on Saturday February 25th in the great space.

To quote the poster, ” As the field of creative design adapts to the evolving needs of society, designers seek to accommodate those needs and to provide a comfortable & pleasant standard of living for all people. There exists a population among these people whose mobility is restricted as a result of a physical disability. We must consider the conditions and needs of those who are physically disabled and respond through our actions with design. But action starts with awareness. ”

 

 

 

 

 

 

Study Abroad 2012 – Sri Lanka

Professor Lindley Vann took 20 students form the School of Architecture, Planning and Preservation to Sri Lanka this past January. They travelled to various sights, and we get to see the trip as documented by a friend of Lindley’s – Dwight.  Check out his Blog, for super-saturated colors of Anuradhapura, Galle, the sunsets, the markets, even the traffic!

Favorite Buildings

From time to time, I will post an blog entry by one of my staff, about a favorite building.  Today’s entry is by Lucinda Philumalee, current MRED candidate and Historic Preservation degree holder.

Eisenhower Executive Office Building: Eyesore or Icon?

Located just west of the White House is a Federal building built in the Second Empire style that has been a staple of Washington DC since 1871.  It was designed by a former Supervising Architect, Alfred Mullet, in the Second Empire style.  Formerly known as the Old Executive Office Building, the Eisenhower Executive Office Building has been a source of strong opinion to many who encounter it.

Named for the Second French Empire, Second Empire architecture is a style that became popular in the mid-to-late 1800s and is distinctly European. While Second Empire residential buildings are located around DC, the Eisenhower Executive Office Building is the one of the few, if only, Federal buildings built in this style.

America’s most iconic Federal buildings were built in the style of Greek Revival, which became popular in the 18th and 19th century.  DC was established as the nation’s capital in 1790; thus the built environment reflected what was prominent at the time.  As a result, Americans have a predisposition of what Federal buildings should look like.  Compounded with the fact that Americans are often turned off from anything that is iconoclastic with what they are used to representing the capital and the nation, the Second Empire Eisenhower Executive Office Building is often perceived with distaste.

President Truman described the Eisenhower Executive Office Building as the greatest monstrosity in America.  Mark Twain called it the ugliest building in America.  Perhaps most graphic, historian and author Henry Adams referred to it as Mullet’s “architectural infant asylum.”  Likely it was sentiments such as these, along with the notion that it was an inefficient building that put it at risk for demolition in the 1950s, however those plans never came to fruition.

Once despised for its nonconformist style, opinions of the Eisenhower Executive Office Building have since neutralized.  It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in the 1960s and designated as a National Historic Landmark shortly thereafter.  While many other Greek Revival style Federal buildings require a second glance for identification, the Second Empire Federal building is undoubtedly the Eisenhower Executive Office Building and a DC icon.

Below are a few pictures; If you travel to DC you can make your own decision!

Eisenhower Executive Office Building, Phot from School of Architecture, Plannign and Preservation Visual resources Collection

Eisenhower Executive Office Building, Phot from School of Architecture, Planning, & Preservation Visual Resources Collection

Eisenhower Executive Office Building. Picture form A. D. White Architectural Photographs, Cornell University Library, via The Commons.

Eisenhower Executive Office Building. Picture form A. D. White Architectural Photographs, Cornell University Library, via The Commons.

Eisenhower Executive Office Building from the street. Image from the School of Architecture, Planning, & Preservation, Visual Resources Collection.

Eisenhower Executive Office Building from the street. Image from the School of Architecture, Planning, & Preservation, Visual Resources Collection.